Welcome to Blossom Children‘s Center’s free RBT mock exam answer key. To help you feel more confident in your journey to becoming a Registered Behavior Technician, we’ve created this RBT mock exam answer key, free of charge.
1. Why is it important to collect ABC data?
A. To help determine the potential reinforcers for learners It can help determine the function of what may be maintaining the behavior
✓B. It can help determine the function of what may be maintaining the behavior
C. To help teach the student how to functionally communicate
D. To only identify the consequences that will help regulate the client
Explanation: ABC data allows us to examine what happens immediately before the behavior and what happened immediately after the behavior. It helps to identify a hypothesized function.
2. Which of the following illustrates maintaining client dignity?
A. Respecting cultural differences
B. Only sharing client information with stakeholders and your supervisors
C. Protecting your client’s privacy
✓D. All of the above
Explanation: Dignity is the right of a person to be valued and respected for their own sake and to be treated ethically. Respecting cultural differences and protecting private or sensitive information are ways to respect clients.
3. The observer is recording data on tangible items (e.g., completed math worksheets) left over in the environment that can be recorded at a later time. What measurement procedure is being described?
A. Event recording
✓C. Permanent product recording
D. Tangible count
Explanation: Permanent product recording is a data collection method that leaves an impact on the environment and can be recorded after the behavior occurs. Completed worksheets are a permanent product that can be recorded after doing math problems.
4. Johnny’s dad reprimands him for not cleaning his dishes after dinner. The next day Johnny cleans his dishes and his father immediately stops yelling. Johnny is more likely to clean his dishes in the future. This is an example of:
B. Response cost
C. Positive punishment
D. Escape extinction
Explanation: Negative reinforcement is the removal of a stimulus that increases a behavior. When yelling is removed, the behavior of cleaning increases.
5. The BCBA delivers a tangible reinforcer on average after every 5th correct response. Sometimes the BCBA delivers the reinforcer after 4 correct responses and sometimes after 7 correct responses. Based on this scenario, what schedule of reinforcement is being implemented?
A. Variable interval
B. Fixed ratio
✓C. Variable ratio
D. Continuous reinforcement
Explanation: Variable Ratio: A schedule of reinforcement in which a reinforcer is delivered after an average number of responses occurred. In this example, a tangible reinforcer is delivered on average after every 5th correct response.
6. Your BCBA instructs you that he/she wants you to record how long your clients’ tantrums last. What type of data collection would you use?
C. Whole interval recording
Explanation: Duration is the measurement of how long a behavior occurs. Duration differs from rate in that rate is the frequency of a behavior over a set amount of time.
Duration – The client cried for 5 minutes when his mother left.
Rate – The client dropped to floor 3 times in a 10 minutes.
7. Which of the following examples is an appropriate scenario to implement a safety care procedure that requires specialized training as an RBT with a client?
A. Any time your client engages in aggressive behavior
✓B. When it is written in the behavior intervention plan and you are properly trained by a BCBA
C. When another RBT teaches you how with a client they previously worked with
D. All of the above
Explanation: As an RBT, it is important to only carry out interventions and safety care procedures as they are written in the behavior intervention plan. If Safety care training is required, the technician will be properly trained to keep the client, others, and themselves safe.
8. A teacher delivers a student a break from independent seated work after exactly 1 hour since their last break. This is describing what schedule of reinforcement:
A. Fixed ratio
✓B. Fixed interval
C. Variable ratio
D. Variable Interval
Explanation: A schedule of reinforcement where reinforcement is provided after a fixed amount of time elapses. In this example, 1 hour is a fixed amount of time not an average amount of time.
9. Laura the BCBA is working with her client on brushing teeth. She has broken down the complex skill of brushing teeth into smaller teachable steps to help her client learn this new skill. What teaching procedure is Laura implementing?
✓A. Task Analysis
C. Natural environment teaching
D. Generalization Procedure
Explanation: Task analyses are typically routine based targets that are broken down into a behavior chain (step by step) and can analyze which areas in the routine require extra support or steps the client can complete independently.
10. John receives a sticker every time he brushes his teeth before going to bed which increases him brushing his teeth more in the future. This is an example of: (update question)
✓A. Positive reinforcement
C. Negative reinforcement
D. None of the above
Explanation: Positive reinforcement is described as adding something to the environment after a behavior occurs that increases the behavior occurring again in the future. In this example, a sticker is added and brushing teeth increases in the future.
11. This term is used to describe what occurs immediately before “the behavior”?
Explanation: In behavior analysis, we use ABC data to record behavior data where A is the antecedent (what occurs immediately before the behavior), B is the behavior observed, and C is the immediate consequence following the behavior.
12. Ashley engages in frequent elopement. You are observing Ashley and notice that this behavior typically occurs as soon as she is asked to complete a worksheet at school. The teacher usually responds by telling Ashley “it’s okay, you don’t have to work on it today.” What appears to be the function of Ashley eloping?
Explanation: Escape behavior are behaviors that occur when someone is presented with an aversive demand or to get out of/avoid doing task. In this example, Ashley’s teacher reinforces her escape behavior by allowing her not to complete the worksheet.
13. The Abscissa refers to which axis on a line graph? ?
B. Y- axis
Explanation: The abscissa is described as the distance an x-coordinate is from the y-axis moving horizontally. The horizontal axis on a coordinate graph is the x-axis.
14. What measurement procedure is being used if the observer is recording if the target behavior occurred at any point in the interval?
A. Interval by interval recording
✓B. Partial interval recording
C. Whole interval recording
D. Momentary time sampling
Explanation: Partial interval recording is used to measure if a behavior occurred at any point within the interval and is recorded as a +. For example, if the interval is 1-minute long and the behavior only occurred for 5 seconds you would still record a +. Whole interval recording is measured when the behavior occurs for the whole interval (e.g., During a 1-minute interval the behavior occurred for the whole minute).
15. A stimulus that signals the availability of reinforcement is defined as a _____ and a stimulus that signals the unavailability of reinforcement is defined as ______:
A. MO, SD
B. S-delta, SD
✓ C. SD, S-delta
D. EO, AO
Explanation: An SD signals the availability of reinforcement. For example, an “open” sign on a store signals customers that they can come inside. An S-Delta signals the unavailability of reinforcement. For example, a “closed” sign on the store signals the unavailability of reinforcement.
16. A client’s family asks you to babysit over the weekend while they go out of town. As an RBT, how should you respond to the parent’s request?
A. Agree to babysitting since you are familiar with the family
✓B .Apologize and inform the family that it is against the RBT ethics code
C. Inform them that you are busy this weekend but are free next weekend
D. All of the above could be appropriate responses
Explanation: It is outlined within the BACB’s RBT ethics code that RBTs should not have dual relationships with the clients and their families that they serve. Babysitting for a client would cause the relationship to move from strictly professional to a personal relationship and professional relationship.
17. What is an example of Least to Most Prompting?
A. Full Physical, Partial Physical, Gesture
B. Gesture, Model, Full Physical, Partial Physical
C. Gesture, verbal, Full Physical, Partial physical
✓D. Gesture, Partial Physical, Full Physical
Explanation: Least-to-most prompting is prompting strategy that goes teaching the least intrusive prompt to the most intrusive promot. Prompts that are less invasive are easier to fade out. The most invasive prompting strategy is full physical prompting, followed by partial prompting.
18. Josh is an RBT working with a client on hand washing. Handwashing is a complex skill that the client’s BCBA has broken up into a sequence of small teachable steps. Josh’s BCBA instructs him that the procedure involves Josh prompting all but the last step in the behavior chain, which is performed by the learner, who then receives reinforcement for completing the chain. When the learner shows mastery in performing the last step, Josh will then complete all but the last 2 steps in the behavior chain and reinforcement is delivered. This sequence continues until the learner completes the entire chain independently. This describes what teaching procedure?
A. Forward chaining
✓B. Backward chaining
C. Behavior chain interruption strategy
D. Progressive chaining
Explanation: Backward chaining where all of the steps in the chain are completed for the learner except for the last one, then the second to last one and so on. In this example, the RBT prompts the learner through the chain of responses until he has mastered completing the last step and then the second to last step and so forth. This chain allows the learner to contact reinforcement faster by completing the last step and being rewarded.
19. At a minimum, how many years do client data and records need to remain secured at an organization?
A. 5 years
B. 2 years
✓C. 7 years
D. 3 years
Explanation: It is mandated by the BACB and outlined in the ethical code.
20. Which of the following examples illustrates maintaining client confidentiality?
A. Only discuss client information that is relevant to the services being provided
B. Only discuss information for professional purposes and with relevant people
C. Do not share or discuss identifying information with individuals outside of the client’s treatment team
✓D. All of the above
Explanation: Keeping sensitive information on a need-to-know basis is how we maintain respect for the client and keep personal information confidential.
21. Emily is working with her client on a new skill which involves emitting one-word mands, specifically requesting “GO” when her client wants to leave a room. The RBT provides reinforcement for every occurrence her client emits the target response. The RBT is implementing:
A CRF (Continuous reinforcement)
B. Reinforcement on a FR1 schedule (Fixed ratio:1)
C. Discontinuous reinforcement
✓D. Both A and B
Explanation: Continuous reinforcement is when reinforcement is provided every time a target response/behavior is emitted. This is also a fixed ratio 1 schedule (FR1), because for every correct response the client is reinforced. CRF is a FR1 schedule.
22. When Jessica is working with her client, she ensures she is always providing learning opportunities with different stimuli, various times of the day, incorporating new people, and across different settings. What is Jessica programming for?
C. Discrete trial training
D. Indirect Teaching
Explanation: Generalization occurs when a behavior occurs in other contexts besides the one it was taught in. By finding other opportunities where the target behavior is relevant, the technician can ensure the client’s skill is maintained and functional in other contexts (e.g., settings, different stimuli, people)
23. The three-term contingency refers to:
A. SD, antecedent, consequence
B. Antecedent, response, reinforcement
C. MO, consequence, response
✓D. Antecedent, response, consequence
Explanation: The three-term contingency is the basic concept of behavior analysis and allows us to observe patterns between the environment and what happened before the behavior (antecedent), behavior (response), and what happens immediately after the behavior (consequence).
24. Which term is used to describe anything an organism does that is observable and measurable?
Explanation: Behavior is anything an organism does that can be observed and measured.
25. Your client has been manding “open door” when wanting to leave the classroom as he cannot reach the door handle. Later at lunch, your client needs help opening his chip bag and says, “open door.” Again, you observe your client manding “open door” when needing help opening his water bottle. This is an example of:
D. Stimulus generalization
Explanation: Overgeneralization: Occurs when a client learns a behavior or response and applies it beyond the appropriate context. In this example, the client had “overgeneralized” the mand “open door,” with opening other items.
26. This principle of behavior occurs when a behavior is followed immediately by the removal of a stimulus that increases the future frequency of that behavior:
✓A. Negative reinforcement
B. Response cost
C. Positive punishment
D. Escape extinction
Explanation: Negative reinforcement is defined by the removal of a stimulus that increases a behavior.
Example: Lauren has wet hands after washing them. She dries them with paper towel and the water is now removed from them. She knows that every time she doesn’t want her hands to remain wet she can use a paper towel to get rid of the water. She now uses a towel every time he wants to remove the water from her hands.
27. You are an RBT and receive a friend request on social media from your client and your client’s mother. What is the best course of action to take in this scenario?
A. Accept the client’s friend request on social media
B. Accept only the mother’s friend request on social media
C. Accept both friend requests on social media
✓D. Do not accept either friend request on social media to maintain a professional work environment
Explanation: It is against the ethical code of the BACB to have a dual relationship with the clients you serve, including caregivers. Having a personal relationship via social media causes the relationship to move from strictly professional to personal and professional.
28. Before the onset of services, the BCBA informed the RBT that they conducted an interview with the clients’ parents and gave them a questionnaire to fill out about their child’s preferred activities. This is an example of which functional assessment?
✓A. Indirect observation
B. Direct observation
C. Functional analysis
D. Narrative recording
Explanation: Indirect observation counts as any form of collecting data about the client and their behaviors that doesn’t include direct observation of the client’s behavior by the observer. The questionnaire given to parents is an indirect method of collecting data.
29. When graphing data, _______is labeled the X-Axis and _______is labeled the Y-Axis.
A. Time, Behavior
B. Behavior, Time
C. Intervention, time
D. Behavior, Progress
Explanation: Time is on the X axis and is measured in equal increments. The Y axis measures the behavior of interest.
30. Which of the following is an example of positive punishment?
A. A student lost a token each time he left the class without permission
✓B. Dave received a speeding ticket which decreased him speeding in the future
C. Each time the child hit his brother; the mother removed his favorite toy which decreased him hitting his brother in the future
D. All of the above
Explanation: Positive punishment: adding something to the environment that decreases the behavior occurring in the future. In this case, the addition of a speeding ticket decreases Dave’s speeding in the future.
31. This occurs when the learner emits an unlearned response which is functionally equivalent to the learned response. An example includes teaching the learner to say “hi” and you now observe the client saying “hello” and “hey” which were not taught.
✓A. Response generalization
B. Response maintenance
D. Prompt fading
Explanation: Response generalization occurs when a learner acquires a behavior response that was not previously taught. This learner learned to say “hello,” and generalized the response to “hi” or “hey”.
32. When writing a session note, all the following are required components except:
A. Session date
B. Session time
C. Note must be clear, complete, concise and objective
✓D. All of the above are required when writing a session note
Explanation: Session notes are completed daily after every services rendered. The information from the session include skills worked on with the client. Details of the session must include the date, time, and information about the session. Session note are/can be reviewed by caregivers, insurance companies, and BCBA’s and must be written in observable and measurable terms.
33. The BCBA gave the RBT 10 tasks to have the learner perform to assess whether the learner can perform the tasks or not. This is an example of:
Explanation: Probing: measuring a child’s ability to perform a specific skill (e.g. assessing whether the learner can perform the skill or did not demonstrate the ability to preform the skill). Teaching does occur when probing a skill.
34. Which of the following reflects the main four functions of behavior commonly recognized in applied behavior analysis?
A. Tangible, Automatic, Escape, Sensory
B. Access, Automatic, Tangible, Escape
✓C. Attention, Automatic, Escape, Tangible
D. Attention, Access, Escape, Tangible
Explanation: There are 4 main functions of behavior; Attention, Automatic, Escape and Access.
35. The RBT is collecting ABC data each time a client hits a peer or staff with an open palm. What functional assessment is being described in this scenario?
A. Informant method
B. Indirect measurement
✓C. Direct Measurement
D. Functional Analysis
Explanation: Direct measurement or direct observation is when an individual directly observes and measures a behavior.
36. When using a token economy, which of the following is necessary?
A. Identify backup reinforcers (what will be earned as a result of completing a token board)
B. Identified target behaviors
C. Identify a ratio of exchange
✓D. All of the above are correct
Explanation: Token economies are a teaching strategy where a learner accumulates tokens of value that can be exchanged later for a larger reinforcer. The number of tokens required to earn before being able to exchange them is the ratio of exchange. Backup reinforcers are the items or activities that the tokens can be exchanged for.
37. Sarah cleaned her room and received $5.00 upon completion. Sarah engaged in cleaning her room more often in the future. This is an example of:
A. Preference assessment
✓B. Positive reinforcement
D. Negative reinforcement
Explanation: Positive reinforcement: Addition of a stimuli to the environment that increases the future frequency of a behavior. In this example, money (is added) that (increases) the behavior of cleaning her room.
38. You arrive at your client’s home for their session. At the start of the session, your client’s mother informs you that he started a new medication and has been engaging in severe head banging and asks your advice on how to handle this behavior. What should you do in this scenario?
A. Tell the mother you will look up ideas on the internet and get back with her on how to handle the situation in the moment.
✓B. Inform the mother that you will contact the BCBA as soon as possible as it is out of your scope of practice
C. Inform the mother to discontinue the medicine until the BCBA comes to the home next week
D. All of the above
Explanation: As an RBT, it is out of your scope to provide clinical feedback regarding behavior change procedures when working under a BCBA. Reach our to the BCBA and refer the parent to the BCBA on the case.
39. Which of the following examples best illustrates maintaining client dignity?
A. Sharing with other RBT’s what medication a client is on
B. Discussing with your friend personal information about your client
✓C. Ensuring you are protecting your client’s privacy in the clinic during toilet training
D. Restricting access to food and water
Explanation: Maintaining dignity is ensuring that the clients are treated with respect. Making sure your client is not exposed during toilet training maintains privacy.
40. When working with a client who you are aware that engages in hair pulling, what is an antecedent strategy you could implement?
A. Wearing your hair up
B. Carrying a hair tie with you
C. After the client grabs your hair, call for help
✓D. Both A and B
Explanation: Antecedent Strategies/Proactive Strategies: Strategies that can be implemented before a behavior occurs. Wearing your hair back or having a hair tie are two proactive strategies to prevent a client from being able to engage in hair grabbing.
41. You are arriving for session and your client’s neighbor asks you why you are always at their house every day at 12pm. How should you respond?
A. Tell them you provide ABA services
B. Tell them the company you work for and provide them a pamphlet
✓C. Inform them that you cannot disclose this information
D. Tell them you work with their neighbor’s child who is diagnosed with Autism
Explanation: For HIPAA purposes, RBTs must maintain client confidentiality and not provide information about the client or their treatment with anyone unaffiliated with the client’s treatment team.
42. When writing a session note, you should do all of the following, except:
A. Use objective language
✓B. Use subjective language
C. Write in measurable terms
D. Write professionally
Explanation: Session notes are insurance documents that can be reviewed by insurance companies, caregivers, and BCBA’s. Session notes must be written professionally, objectively, and in measurable terms.
Example sentance: The client cried for 3 minutes when denied access to another cookie.
Non-example: The client was mad when he could not have a cookie.
43. Your client often makes inappropriate jokes at the clinic. You notice that when he does this, most of the kids around start laughing at him, increasing the likelihood that he will continue to make inappropriate jokes in the future. What appears to be the function of this behavior?
Explanation: The client telling jokes the behavior is followed by the consequence of attention from his peers.
44. What is pairing?
✓A. The process of pairing is based on stimulus-stimulus pairing, the process of taking a neutral stimulus and associating it with established reinforcers.
B. The process of pairing is based on stimulus-stimulus pairing, the process of taking a reinforcing stimulus and associating them with other established reinforcers.
C. The process of adding new toys into the child’s life, by putting them next to them.
D. Highly structured approach to identifying a learner’s preferences that should take place in one day.
Explanation; In a pairing procedure, one pairs themselves/item (a neutral stimulus) with preferred items/activities or already established reinforcers.
45. Your client continually engages in out of seat behavior in the classroom. A desirable behavior while roaming around the classroom is being seated during class time. The teacher therefore could reduce the out-of-seat behavior by reinforcing the child for being seated. What differential reinforcement procedure is being illustrated.
✓A. DRI (Differential reinforcement of incompatible behavior)
B. DRA(Differential reinforcement of acceptable behavior)
C. DRO(Differential reinforcement of other behavior)
D. DRA (Differential reinforcement of alternative behavior)
Explanation: DRI is a procedure in which reinforcement is delivered for a behavior that is topographically incompatible with the problem behavior. Incompatible means that the 2 behaviors are not able to completed at the same time. In this example, the client cannot roam the room and be seated in a chair at the same time.
46. It is written in the client’s behavior intervention plan to implement least to most prompting, but the client’s parents specifically state they want you, the RBT, implementing most to least prompting instead. As an RBT, what should you do in this scenario?
A. Implement most to least prompting per parent request
B. Inform the parents most to least prompting is not effective
✓C. Inform the parent that you will let their child’s BCBA know and they will reach out to them
D. All of the above
Explanation: According to the RBT ethic code 2.06 “2.06 RBTs direct any questions or concerns that they or others (e.g., caregivers, coworkers) have about their behavior technician services to their supervisor.”
47. Systematically and differentially reinforcing successive approximations to a terminal behavior is defined as:
A. Higher order conditioning
D. Natural environment teaching
Explanation: Shaping means using differential reinforcement to produce a series of gradually changing response classes; each response class is a successive approximation toward a terminal behavior. Example- If you are teaching a learner to clap hands: you could first reinforce having their hands out. Then when their hand hits the other hand and they full clap, you would reinforce that response not the previous response.
48. The RBT recorded 18 instances of the child throwing items in the classroom. What type of continuous measurement procedure is the RBT implementing?
Explanation: Frequency is the amount of times a response occurs. The RBT recorded every time the child threw an item. This tells how many times this behavior is happening.
49. Sydney is working with her client, Jake, on a gross motor imitation target, specifically clap hands. Jake has independently clapped hands in the past and has imitated peers clapping. Every time Sydney presents the instruction “Do this” and claps her hands, Jake will hold up his hands in front of Sydney staring at her and Sydney always completes the response for him. This illustrates an example of:
A. The skill is not in the client’s repertoire
✓B. Prompt dependency
C. Behavior trap
D. Behavioral contrast
Explanation: Prompt dependency: In this example, the client depends on prompt in order to do the action. We already know that clapping is in the learner’s repertoire as they were previously observed spontaneously imitating a peer.
50. This type of teaching procedure involves short, quick intervals when learning skills that involve an SD, prompts, responses, and feedback in quick succession. Typically, many trials are run at the table. This describes which teaching procedure:
A. Incidental teaching
B. NET (natural environment teaching)
✓C. DTT (discrete trial training)
D. Table time teaching
Explanation: DTT is a structured ABA technique that breaks down skills into small, “discrete” components. Systematically, the trainer teaches these skills one by one. Along the way, trainers use tangible reinforcements for desired behavior. For a child, this might include a candy or small toy.
51. Your BCBA is teaching you how to implement an extinction procedure. The goal is to decrease property destruction. What could be true when implementing extinction?
A. Extinction is rarely effective
B. Extinction should be implemented at least 50% of the session
C. Ignore the child and turn your back away from them to limit attention
✓D. There could be an immediate increase in property destruction at first
Explanation: When putting a behavior on extinction, there is a possibility that an extinction burst could occur. An extinction burst is when a behavior increases before it decreases.
52. Jill yells at loud volumes to get her mother’s attention. Her mother reinforces close approximations to low speaking volumes and tapping her to get her attention and ignores the loud volume screams. The process of reinforcing appropriate responses and withholding reinforcement for inappropriate responses is an example of:
✓B. Differential reinforcement
C. Stimulus fading
D. Prompt fading
Explanation: Differential reinforcement is reinforcing only those responses within a response class that meet a specific criterion along some dimensions and placing all other response in the class on extinction.
53. Sam sees a green ball and says “green.” Sam sees grass and says “green.” Sam also sees dark green leaves on a tree and says “green.” This is an example of:
A. Response generalization
B. Response maintenance
✓C. Stimulus generalization
Explanation: Stimulus generalization is when an antecedent stimulus has a history of evoking a response that has been reinforced in its presence, the same type of behavior tends to be evoked by stimuli that share similar physical properties with the controlling antecedent stimulus.
54. Natural Environment Teaching (NET) focuses on all of the following, except:
A. Reinforcement is embedded into the task
B. Teaching in natural contexts and settings
✓C. Highly structured approach with planning of session and controlling conditions
D. Focuses on the child’s immediate interests while looking for “teachable moments”
Explanation: This selected answer best describes a teaching method known as DTT. NET is teaching skills through play, in the natural environment, and focusing on immediate interests and motivation. NET is most commonly child led and occurs in natural contexts and settings.
55. You are working with your client when the client’s father informs you he does not want you implementing natural environment teaching, but it is written in the skill acquisition plan to incorporate NET. The father states that from here on out, he only wants you running programs at the table and implementing discrete trial training. What would be the best course of action to take in this scenario?
A. Since you are in their home, follow whatever the parent requests regardless of what your BCBA has written in the skill acquisition plan and go on with the session
✓B. Inform the father that you will immediately notify their child’s BCBA and the BCBA will be in contact with them
C. Tell the parent you will not grant this request and that he should do his research on “best teaching procedures”
D. None of the above
Explanation: According to RBT ethic code 2.06 “Always refer to your BCBA to get direction and to have them speak to parents about the clients session.
56. The RBT instructed the learner that it is time to go to the classroom to practice tracing lowercase letters. Once seated, the learner only engages in elopement each time the RBT presents the instruction “Let’s Trace.” Based on the scenario and the 4 functions of behavior, what appears to be the function?
Explanation: When the RBT presents the SD “Let’s trace” the client is observed eloping. In this example, the learner is “escaping” the instruction.
57. What is the most common graph used in applied behavior analysis?
A. Pie chart
B. Scatter plot
C. Bar graph
✓D. Line graph
Explanation: Line graphs represent information between the independent variable and the dependent variable. Line graphs reveal trends in the data. This information is used for tracking behavior responses which helps determine interventions and behavior change procedures.
58. The RBT is working with a new client on identifying preferences. The RBT presents 5 items in front of the child including a car, bubbles, a train, a stuffed animal, and a puzzle. The RBT states to pick one, so the child chooses the bubbles. In the next presentation of the stimuli, the bubbles are taken out of the array and the other items are re-arranged. The RBT instructs the client again to choose one. Which preference assessment is being implemented?
A. Free operant
B. Forced choice
C. Multiple stimuli with replacement
✓D. Multiple stimuli without replacement
Explanation: A Multiple Stimuli without replacement (MSWO) allows the instructor (RBT/BCBA) to create a hierarchy of the child’s preferences (potential reinforcers). In this example, there was five items presented in an array to the client. Once a client picked an item, that item was removed/not replaced back into the array.
59. Your BCBA is using a differential reinforcement procedure to teach a replacement behavior for a client tantruming during independent seated work. The function of the behavior is escape. What replacement behavior would you be most appropriate to teach in this scenario?
A. On task behavior
B. Asking appropriately for access to toys
✓C. Requesting a break
D. Playing with a sensory toy
Explanation: The replacement behavior must match the function. In this case, the function was escape. Giving the client the words or visuals for requesting a break would help prevent the tantrum behavior and provide an alternative response.
60. This term is used to describe what occurs immediately “after” the behavior?
Explanation: In the 3-term contingency (A-B-C) , the C stands for consequence. The consequence is what happens immediately after the behaivor.
61. First, the RBT gathered the necessary materials needed for data collection and program implementation. Next, the RBT spent 15 minutes before their session reviewing the updated behavior intervention plan and programming to prepare for their session. The RBT had 2 questions and reached out to the supervising BCBA for clarification before beginning the session. These are all necessary components of:
A. Behavior modification
✓B. Preparing for the session as required by the skill acquisition plan
C. Facilitated communication
D. Maintenance procedures
Explanation: In this example, the RBT is preparing for the session. Preparing for the session is required when implementing a skill acquisition plan. It is important to have materials ready, review behavior plans, and ask questions as needed.
62. An RBT is working with a client whose mother asked her for advice pertaining to their child’s diet and supplements they are taking. The client’s parent is worried that it is affecting the behavior analytic services being provided. Which best describes the course of action the RBT should take?
A. The RBT should offer advice on the client’s diet and supplements
✓B. The RBT should let the BCBA know and refer the parent to the BCBA
C. Provide the parent with a research article
D. Inform the parent that you will do research and get back to them
Explanation: According to the RBT ethic code 2.06 “RBTs direct any questions or concerns that they or others (e.g., caregivers, coworkers) have about their behavior technician services to their supervisor.” The RBT should always inform the BCBA about questions or concerns they have or the parents have.
63. This describes a principle of behavior describing a response consequence functional relation in which the response is followed immediately by a stimulus change that results in similar responses occurring more often in the future:
Explanation: Reinforcement: A stimulus change delivered after a behavior that increases the future frequency of that behavior.
64. Your BCBA determined that attention is maintaining Jack’s aggressive behavior. What could extinction look like in this scenario?
A. Reprimanding Jack when he engages in property destruction
✓B. Withholding attention while Jack engages in aggressive behavior
C. Giving Jack attention no matter what behavior he is engaging in
D. All of the above
Explanation: The replacement behavior should match the function of the behavior. Jack has attention seeking behaviors the answer that matches that would be withholding attention while Jack engages in aggressive behavior.
65. A _____decreases the value of a stimulus as a reinforcer and a ______ increases the value of a stimulus as reinforcer.
✓A. Abolishing operation, Establishing operation
B. Conditioned motivating operation, Abolishing operation
C. Establishing operation, Abolishing operation
D. Unconditioned reinforcer, establishing operation
Explanation: Abolishing operation: A motivating operation that decreases the reinforcing effectiveness of a stimulus, object, or event. Establish operation is a motivating operation that increases the effectiveness of a stimulus, object, or event as a reinforcer.
66. When receiving feedback as an RBT, you should do which of the following:
✓A. Respond by implementing the feedback and asking questions when needed
B. Get defensive and defend yourself
C. Do not implement the feedback when you do not agree with it
D. All of the above
Explanation: As an RBT, you will receive constructive feedback and positive feedback. Feedback is provided as a learning opportunity and the feedback should be implemented for optimal client outcomes. If you need more clarification on the feedback provided, ask questions as necessary.
67. Essential components of a written skill acquisition plan include all of the following, except:
A. Identify a skill to teach and create a goal
B. Modify the plan if necessary
C. Identify a measurement procedure for data collection
✓D. Review data on average once every 2 months
Explanation: A skill acquisition plan includes goals in the client’s treatment plan. Based on the data, the plan will be modified as necessary. The BCBA will be review the data weekly (not every 2 months) to measure progress and make updates as needed.
68. Intermittent reinforcement is typically used to teach new skills while continuous reinforcement is typically used to strengthen and maintain established skills:
Explanation: Intermittent reinforcement: reinforcement is not provided for every correct response and is used to maintain skills. When teaching new skills, it is important to reinforce each correct response (e.g., FR1)
69. All of the following are examples of unconditioned reinforcers except:
Explanation: Money is a conditioned reinforcer. Conditioned reinforcers do not occur naturally and are learned.
70. When is it okay for an RBT to post a client on social media?
A. When the client mastered a task they have been working on
B. When you want to congratulate your clients’ successes
C. Both A and B
D. An RBT should never post their clients on social media
Explanation: Per the RBT ethics code, RBT’s should never post their client’s on their social media pages.
71. A BCBA is describing to the RBT the target response for data collection. He/she then describes the physical form or shape of the behavior, in other words, what the behavior looks like. The BCBA is describing the ________ of the target behavior.
Explanation: Topography means the physical form or shape of a behavior.
Example: The topography of hitting can be defined as: Hitting with an open palm or close fist.
72. Which of the following is an important part of an RBT’s role?
A. Conduct a functional analysis
B. Supervise new RBT’s
C. Solicit testimonials from current clients
✓D. Treat clients with dignity and respect
Explanation: RBT Ethics code- Responsible Conduct 1.01: RBTs uphold and promote the values and core principles of behavior analysis.
73. As an RBT, you can do all of the following, except:
A. Assist with training of stakeholders only under close supervision with a BCBA
B. Implement programming with a client when the supervisor is not present during session
✓C. Qualified to change the skill acquisition plan when you notice a program is not effective
D.You can do all of the above as an RBT
Explanation: It is out of an RBT’s scope of practice to change/modify a client’s skill acquisition plan
74. When preparing for data collection, a RBT should do all of the following except:
A. Identify the target(s) behavior
B. Prepare materials prior to the start of the session
✓C. Have a 1:1 meeting with the parent to discuss assessment results and goals
D. Review client programming before starting a session
Explanation: It is out of an RBT’s scope of practice to discuss assessment results and goals in the treatment plan in a 1:1 meeting with caregivers.
75. This is a program during which the learner earns tokens contingent on appropriate behavior, but also loses 2 tokens contingent on inappropriate behavior:
✓A. Response cost
B. Ratio Strain
C. Backup reinforcer
D. Level system
Explantation: Response Cost: the loss of a specific number of positive reinforcers that decrease the frequency of a similar responses in the future; as forum of negative punishment. For example; removing a token on a token board for a behavior. The cost was losing the token.
76. A RBT sets a timer for 2 minutes. When the 2-minute timer goes off, the RBT looks up immediately to see if their client is sitting in their seat. What measurement procedure is being described?
✓A. Momentary time sampling
B. Whole interval recording
C. Partial interval recording
Explantation: Momentary time sampling: a measurement method in which the presence or absence of a behavior is recorded at the end of the interval only. Hint: the RBT looks up at the client at the exact moment the timer went off.
77. The BCBA instructs you to measure the time between the end of one response to the beginning of the same response. What continuous measurement procedure is being implemented?
B. Whole Interval
Explanation: IRT is a measure of temporal locus, defined as the elapsed time between two successive responses.
78. All of the following are discontinuous measurement procedures, except:
A. Whole interval recording
B. Momentary time sampling
C. Partial Interval recording
✓D. Inter-response time
Explanation: Continuous measurement: measures every occurrence of the behavior (e.g., frequency, duration, latency, IRT). Discontinuous measurement measures only a sample of the behavior (e.g., momentary time sampling, partial and whole interval recording).
79. Which is an example of reinforcement?
A. Technician providing their client with verbal praise and a token on their token board for picking up their toys when instructed.
✓B. Technician providing client with 10 minutes of gym time when using the bathroom which increased the client using the bathroom more often in the future.
C. The circle time leader handing out gold stars to all clients who participated in group instruction.
D. All of the above.
Explanation: B is the only answer that mentions an increase in a behavior. If the behavior does not increase it is not reinforcement.
80. Which of the following is the most secure location an RBT can store confidential documents between sessions?
A. In a backpack
B. In the car console
C. In a folder in the car
✓D. In a secure bin locked in the trunk
Explanation: This is the safetest option due to the locked bin. The documents need to be protected under HIPPA. In the RBT ethic code 2.08 says “RBTs protect the confidentiality and privacy of their clients, stakeholders, and others in the workplace by following all related requirements established by the BACB, employers, and the law (e.g., privacy laws, licensure requirements). RBTs maintain confidentiality when interacting with client information and records. “
81. Which of the following best illustrates an appropriate example of an RBT communicating to a parent at the end of a session?
A. “His day was good. The BCBA changed his reinforcement schedule from a FR1 to a VR3.”
B. He had a bad day today. He did not play with any peers, whined when work tasks were presented. The BCBA’S plan is not currently working.”
✓C. “We worked on tying shoes independently today. She needed minimal assistance when tying the laces but was successful at putting on her socks and shoes independently.”
D. “He was really mad today when transitioning from the gym to circle time but calmed down afterwards. He also got angry when it was time to go home and get shoes on.”
Explanation: This answer gave specific examples of what occurred during the session in observable/measurable/objective terms. When communicating with parents, refrain from using behavior terminology.
82. Your BCBA instructs you to take data on how many times your client engages in verbal refusal in 30-minute intervals. What type of data collection is being used?
B. Partial interval recording
Explanation: Rate is a measure of how often behavior occurs expressed as count per standard unit of time. In this case the BCBA was asking you to count how many times the client engages in verbal refusal in 30 minutes interval. If the answer was 15 times in 30 minutes the client was verbally refusing 50% during the 30 minute interval.
83. Your client has met mastery criteria for tying his shoes. This behavior continues to occur after the intervention has been removed. This refers to:
Explanation: Maintenance: the extent which the learner continues to perform the target behavior after and maintain the skill after it has been taught.
84. You are working with your client on two syllable echoics, specifically “Say: mommy.” You reinforce your client by saying “Ma.” A couple of days later your client echoes “mama.” You then withhold reinforcement when your client says “ma” and only reinforce “mama.” What teaching procedure is being illustrated in this example?
C. Indirect verbal prompting
D. Response maintenance
Explanation: This example they would shaping the how to say mommy. Shaping means using differential reinforcement to produce a series of gradually changing response classes; each response class is a successive approximation toward the terminal behavior.
85. Which of the following illustrates an example of a dual relationship?
A. Behavior analysts are truthful and honest
✓B. A situation where multiple roles exist between a client and a service provider
C. Obligation to take reasonable precautions to protect confidentiality
D. Promoting an ethical culture and work environment
Explanation: In RBT ethic code 1.10 says “RBTs avoid multiple relationships with clients, coworkers, and supervisors. Multiple relationships occur when there is a mixing of two or more relationships (e.g., friend, family member, employee/employer) that may result in conflicts of interest and risk of harm to the client. If RBTs find that a multiple relationship has developed, they immediately inform their supervisor, work to resolve it, and document these actions. If the multiple relationship involves their supervisor, RBTs should report it to their supervisor’s manager or other appropriate entity (e.g., human resources, BACB) and document this communication.”