Pivotal Response Training (PRT) is a behavioral teaching and intervention method that supports an individual’s social interaction and language development. Applied behavior analysis (ABA) therapy focuses on providing an individualized program plan to manage behavioral disorders, such as autism. An ABA therapist may use several different behavior-correcting methods in their sessions, including Pivotal Response Training.
This guide will define Pivotal Response Training, explain how this method is used in ABA therapy, learn how to implement this method, and learn about the best time to add it into your child’s ABA therapy program.
What is Pivotal Response Training?
Pivotal Response Training is a behavioral teaching method that uses a systematic approach to teach social, communication, and other behavioral skills. It encourages children to use their words. Plus, through a natural teaching format, PRT is child-led and uses positive reinforcement to reward behaviors.
Pivotal Response Training encourages individuals to initiate communication independently. For example, once a child is frequently engaging in conversation during Pivotal Response Training, they will be more willing to do the same in a natural environment.
The skills learned from implementing Pivotal Response Training have a positive, cascading effect that helps develop other behavioral skills in the future. Pivotal Response Training is a method that can be used in any environment, whether in the classroom, in a child’s home, or anywhere else.
Pivotal Response Training Techniques
Pivotal Response Training and ABA therapy aim to equip individuals with the right language skills and behaviors to succeed in social and academic environments. It uses several techniques to encourage child-led communications.
These are some of the techniques used to encourage engagement during Pivotal Response Training:
- Child choice – gives children the power to express their motivations on their own accord and without prompts from others
- Task variation – use motivations to encourage a variety of task completions
- Natural reinforcement – use a reward that is directly related to the child’s motivation. For example, if a child is appropriately asking for a specific item, they would be rewarded with that item.
- Positive Reinforcement – acknowledge and reward all correct behaviors and attempted behaviors
With these training techniques, children learn the correct actions and benefits of communicating with others.
How is Pivotal Response Training used in ABA Therapy?
This method uses applied behavior analysis (ABA) principles and applies them to a natural teaching format. These principles include training individuals on inappropriate behaviors for different environments. In ABA therapy, Pivotal Response Training focuses on the social and communication aspects of behavioral disorders, such as autism disorder.
Children with autism tend to be reluctant to socialize, talk, or acknowledge others’ presence. This therapy method works to motivate children by showing them the benefits of communication. Children can change their perspective on language, going from seeing it as a task to viewing it as fun. Pivotal Response Training benefits children in social environments, with communication and play.
With the teachings from Pivotal Response Training and other ABA therapy methods, children will have increased confidence to communicate, learn new skills, and excel in the classroom and other environments.
How to Implement a Pivotal Response Training
Your child’s ABA therapist may introduce Pivotal Response Training into their program, based on their individual goals. If this training method is used, a therapist may use the following steps to prompt a response from the child:
- Create an opportunity for a child-led communication.
- Use preferred materials such as toys or treats.
- Give the child choices.
Pivotal Response Training can take several hours a week to advance the child’s language and communication skills. This method can also be reinforced at home with a parental commitment to consistency and involvement. Parents can use other methods, such as language activities and games, to help their children improve communication skills.
With Pivotal Response Training’s combined exposure in ABA therapy sessions and at home, children can learn to speak, improve socializing skills, and communicate in academic and other environments.
ABA Therapy Teaching Methods
Pivotal Response Training is just one of the many methods used in ABA therapy – let’s learn about what these other methods may be. The broader goal is to increase positive behaviors, but there are several different approaches an ABA therapist or BCBA may introduce to your child:
- Incidental teaching
- Natural environment teaching
- Joint attention therapy
- Discrete trial training
With ABA therapy teaching methods, your child’s ABA therapist may not introduce them to specific methods or may combine several different methods and therapy services. You can request an ABA therapy program plan to learn more about a center’s individualized response to your child’s needs.
Before you go into a consultation, make sure you are equipped with the right questions to ask your ABA therapist. Learn more about the techniques used in ABA therapy so you can talk to your child’s therapist about what approach will suit your child’s needs.
Managing the Stress of Autism Disorder
Living with autism disorder or any behavioral disorder can be extremely challenging for individuals and their families. With so many unknown challenges, daily life can quickly become stressful. Understanding the link between autism and mindfulness can help ease your children’s stresses as well as those of you and your family.
With counseling services, mindfulness programs, and an understanding support group, you can learn the coping techniques and stress management skills to make life with autism disorder easier Practicing mindful parenting is essential in managing any stress caused by a child who exhibits behavioral issues. Once you understand the link between mindfulness and autism, your family can effectively begin to manage and control stress.
The Importance of Early Intervention
When it comes to behavioral disorders or issues, acting quickly is critical. Early intervention can intercept inappropriate behaviors, developmental delays, and other signs of autism disorder. As parents, we understand that you want the best for your child; early intervention sets up your child with the most potential for success.
If you think your child may have autism disorder or another behavioral disorder, speak with your doctor about an autism screening and ABA therapy. Learn more about the importance of early intervention so that you know how to spot early signs and the benefits of acting fast with ABA therapy.